Most databases have limiters (sometimes called filters) to help you narrow the focus of your search. These tools are often in a column or box on the left side of your search results. The heading might say something like Refine Results or Tweak My Results, with check-boxes or drop-down menus. These options allow you to limit your search by selecting these options and more:
Quotation marks keep words together as phrases for most databases. However, not all databases or search engines recognize this method. Some databases or search engines use parentheses or single quotes instead. Check the Help page if you're not sure.
Credit: North Carolina State University Libraries on YouTube
Boolean operators or connectors are typically what you use in an Advanced Search of GALILEO and other databases including the library catalog.
The operators are AND, OR, and NOT. Use them to broaden or narrow your search.
Parentheses can be used to group Boolean operators. Watch this video by Western University library for a demonstration:
Credit: How Library Stuff Works: Boolean Operators (AND OR NOT) by McMaster Libraries on YouTube.
Truncation uses the asterisk (*) to help you broaden your search to include words with various endings or spellings.
Example: Use the asterisk and the root word educat* to get educate, educated, education, educational, educator.
Wildcards also use symbols to help you find variations of words.
Example: Use wom?n to get woman or women, or use col?r to get color or colour.
Truncation and wildcard symbols vary by database or search engine, but common ones include *, !, ?, or #. Check the database’s Help page before you search.