While the Emancipation Proclamation was issued on Jan. 1, 1863, many enslavers continued to hold people in bondage in the South for free labor. On June 19, 1865, Maj. Gen. Gordon Granger arrived in Galveston, Texas, and announced the end of slavery and the Civil War. Juneteenth is a commemoration of this event, and a symbolic celebration of freedom for all African Americans.
Related Research Guide: Black History
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Related Research Guide: Films in GALILEO