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Claude Levi-Strauss by
Call Number: GN21 .L4 H3 (Main Campus Library)
Publication Date: 1974-05-15
The popularity of Levi-Strauss, in the words of the editors of this collection of current essays and reviews, resides "in his seeming rejection of history and humanism, in his refusal to see Western civilization as privileged and unique, in his view of the human mind as programmed, in his emphasis on form over content, and in his insistence that the savage mind is not inferior to the civilized." This collection includes articles on Levi-Strauss' works and essays discussing this controversial anthropologist/ethnologist's place in the realm of contemporary thought and philosophy. Levi-Strauss is perhaps best known for his doctrine of "structuralism" which he has defined, at one point, as "the search for unsuspected harmonies...[and] the discovery of a system of relations latent in a series of objects." The doctrine of structuralism is used by Levi-Strauss as the skeleton key to the study of the development of human culture in all its variety and in its origins. He applies its framework in his study of economics, social customs, language, mythology, and though he's an exact observer and tireless collector of facts, his overall view presents all culture as a kind of language to be decoded and interpreted based on inherent, preformed laws within the structure of the mind. The contributors to this volume include George Steiner, in a discussion of the philosophical and historical implications of Levi-Strauss' work; Susan Sontag, who focuses on the anthropologist's antihistorical approach and its relatedness to what she terms the "intellectual homelessness" portrayed in modern literature; Peter Caw, who has contributed an essay on outgrowths of Levi-Strauss' writings and the application of structuralism to other fields; and Robert L. Zimmerman and Lionel Abel, whose essays trace the relevance of the Levi-Strauss canon to the humanities. Edmund Leach, Francis Huxley, H. Stuart Hughes, Sanche de Gramont, Hugo G. Nutini, Bob Scholte, Colin M. Turnbull, Robert F. Murphy, and the Editors of Timeare also represented.
Women in Archaeology by
Call Number: Electronic Book-Requires current Galileo password for access
Publication Date: 1994-06-01
Women in Archaeology documents and discusses attempts to exclude women from the discipline of archaeology and the resulting androcentrism of archaeological knowledge.
Flinders Petrie by
Call Number: PJ1064 .P47 D7 1985 (Manin Campus Library)
Publication Date: 1985-09-01
Written by an Egyptologist, this meticulously documented biography records the life and work of the legendary British Egyptologist (1853-1942) whose exemplary scientific fieldwork provided the foundation for modern Egyptology. Drower draws upon a wide range of sources to trace Petrie from his childhood in England through a long, magnificent career that set new standards in recording finds, establishing principles of dating pottery, treatment of workers, and standards of ethics in archaeology. A man of robust health and enormous energy, he had the great good fortune of marrying the perfect partner in Hilda Urlin, his indefatigable coworker. Excerpts from letters and diaries allow charming insights into Petrie's notoriously spartan life on the site. Long-awaited and definitive.
Prophet, Pariah, and Pioneer by
Call Number: Electonic Book: Requires GALILEO password for access
Publication Date: 2010-02-15
"This is a fascinating book about a complex person...Taylor is claimed by the contributors to this new book as ancestor to both processual and postprocessual archaeologies...It thus remains possible to read him in different ways, as is well brought out by the diverse contributions to this volume, which is the first to provide a thorough and informed account that contextualizes Taylor's work and habilitates him within later and contemporary currents in archaeology...Throughout Prophet, Pariah, and Pioneer and especially at the end, the twists and turns, the refractions never stop...The editors are to be congratulated for not trying to tidy him up..." -Ian Hodder, Current Anthropology In his 1948 work A Study of Archaeology, recently minted Harvard Ph.D. Walter W. Taylor delivered the strongest and most substantial critique of American archaeology ever published. He created many enemies with his dissection of the research programs of America's leading scholars, who took it as a personal affront. Taylor subsequently saw his ideas co-opted, his research pushed to the margins, and his students punished. Publicly humiliated at the 1985 Society for American Archaeology meeting, he suffered ridicule until his death in 1997. Nearly everyone in the archaeological community read Taylor's book at the time, and despite the negative reaction, many were influenced by it. Few young scholars dared to directly engage and build on his "conjunctive approach," yet his suggested methods nevertheless began to be adopted and countless present-day authors highlight his impact on the 1960s formation of the "New Archaeology." In Prophet, Pariah, and Pioneer, peers, colleagues, and former students offer a critical consideration of Taylor's influence and legacy. Neither a festschrift nor a mere analysis of his work, the book presents an array of voices exploring Taylor and his influence, sociologically and intellectually, as well as the culture of American archaeology in the second half of the twentieth century.
Coming of Age in Samoa by
Call Number: DU813 .M4 (Main Campus Library)
Rarely do science and literature come together in the same book. When they do -- as in Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species, for example -- they become classics, quoted and studied by scholars and the general public alike. Margaret Mead accomplished this remarkable feat not once but several times, beginning with Coming of Age in Samoa. It details her historic journey to American Samoa, taken where she was just twenty-three, where she did her first fieldwork. Here, for the first time, she presented to the public the idea that the individual experience of developmental stages could be shaped by cultural demands and expectations. Adolescence, she wrote, might be more or less stormy, and sexual development more or less problematic in different cultures. The "civilized" world, she taught us had much to learn from the "primitive." Now this groundbreaking, beautifully written work as been reissued for the centennial of her birth, featuring introductions by Mary Pipher and by Mead's daughter, Mary Catherine Bateson.
The Archaeology of Ethnicity by
Call Number: Electronic Book: Requires current GALILEO password for access
Publication Date: 1997-04-17
The question of ethnicity is highly controversial in contemporary archaeology. Indigenous and nationalist claims to territory often rely on reconstructions of the past based on the identification of cultures from archaeological remains, in spite of the fact that many consider the association of remains with past ethnic groups to be hopelessly inadequate. Sian Jones examines historical misuses of this type and argues that the archaeology of ethnicity has never really been subjected to any serious theoretical analysis. She responds to the need for a reassessment of the ways in which social groups are identified in the archaeological record with a comprehensive and critical synthesis of recent theories of ethnicity in the human sciences. In so doing, she argues for a fundamentally different view of ethnicity, as a complex dynamic form of identification, requiring radical changes in archaeological analysis and interpretation.
How to Read Ethnography by
Call Number: Electronic Book: Current GALILEO password required for access
Publication Date: 2006-12-12
This book provides a gateway to anthropological thought and knowledge by teaching the essential skill of reading and interpreting ethnography. It shows how to understand and evaluate ethnographic texts, critique them, identify their core ideas and transfer these to other contexts.
The Art of Fieldwork by
Call Number: GN346 .W65 1995 (Main Campus Library)
Publication Date: 1995-10-25
This text demonstrates how fieldworkers perfect their art within the complexities of technique, ethical and personal dilemmas, understanding and reward. The rigorous intellectual processes needed to generate successful fieldwork are made clear.