Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
A secondary source is not a first-hand or eyewitness account. This source is one step removed from the primary source. It's written after the fact. Think of a secondary source as an interpretation or analysis of a primary source. A journal article may rely on primary sources, but the article itself is a secondary source. An author who studies the speeches and diaries of a subject, and then writes a book, is creating a secondary source.
So what's a tertiary source? It's the source such as a catalog, bibliography or index that leads the researcher to primary and secondary sources.
- Korenweibel, Theodore Jr. "The Most Dangerous of All Negro Journals: Federal Efforts to Suppress the Chicago Defender During World War I." American Journalism 1994 11 (2): 1540168.
- Williams, Jasmin K. "The mouthpiece of 14 million people." New York Amsterdam News 18 Apr. 2013: 28. MasterFILE Elite. Web. 11 Dec. 2013.
- Strother, T. Ella. "The Black Image in The Chicago Defender, 1905-1975." Journalism History 1977-78 4 (4): 137-141, 156.
Black Press: Soldiers without Swords (trailer)
African American Biographical Database